About liver disease

Alcohol-Related Liver Disease (ALD)

Alcohol-Related Liver Disease (ALD) is caused by excessive consumption of alcohol. Over many years this can result in serious and permanent damage to your liver.

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Autoimmune Hepatitis (AIH)

Autoimmune Hepatitis (AIH) is a condition where the body's immune system attacks the liver tissue causing inflammation and damage.

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Cirrhosis of the liver

When the liver is damaged soft healthy liver tissue is replaced by hard scar tissue. If the liver is damaged repeatedly over a long period of time, scar tissue may take over the entire liver. This is cirrhosis.

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Hemochromatosis

Hemochromatosis is a condition which is usually inherited, whereby a person absorbs too much iron from their diet. That iron then accumulates in the liver and other organs. This is known as iron overload. It can lead to inflammation and damage if left untreated.

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Liver cancer

There are two main types of primary liver cancer (cancer that starts in the liver): Hepatoma (also called hepatocellular carcinoma) and billiary tree cancer, which includes, bile duct cancer (cholangiocarcinoma) and gall bladder cancer.

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Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (NAFLD)

Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (NAFLD) is a major cause of liver disease and now accounts for over 60% of liver patients in Western countries. It is characterised by a build-up of fat in the liver which can lead to chronic inflammation, fibrosis and eventually liver cirrhosis.

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Primary Biliary Cholangitis (PBC)

Primary Biliary Cholangitis (PBC) is an autoimmune condition which damages the bile ducts within the liver. This interrupts the flow of bile and causes it to build up in the liver, damaging the liver cells and causing inflammation. Over time the inflammation can cause fibrosis and cirrhosis.

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Primary Sclerosing Cholangitis (PSC)

In Primary Sclerosing Cholangitis (PSC) the bile ducts both inside and outside the liver become inflamed which can cause them to narrow. This in turn can interrupt the flow of bile and cause it to build up in the liver which then causes inflammation. Over time the inflammation can cause fibrosis and cirrhosis.

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Viral Hepatitis

Viral Hepatitis refers to inflammation in the liver caused by a virus. There are five different viruses that can cause Hepatitis, these are known as Hepatitis A, B, C, D and E.

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